If you have the acute coronary syndrome, you have one or more conditions caused by a blockage of blood flow to your heart muscle, this is a medical emergency, because you may be having a heart attack, a situation in which your heart tissue begins to die.
Your heart is a muscular organ that pumps blood containing the oxygen and nutrients your body needs, the main pumping chamber of your heart is the left ventricle, when your left ventricle contracts, it sends oxygen-rich blood to your body through a large artery called the aorta, and it is connected to your aorta, which are small arteries called the coronary arteries, and blood flows from the aorta, through the coronary arteries, to supply the heart muscle with oxygen. And food. If you have an acute coronary syndrome, the flow of blood through the coronary arteries is severely decreased or completely blocked.
One possible cause of reduced blood flow is atherosclerosis. in this condition, a build-up of a fatty substance called plaque can narrow your coronary arteries. if this plaque ruptures, a blood clot
can form and block the artery,
A blood clot is the most common cause of coronary artery blockage other, less common causes of reduced blood flow include coronary artery spasm or dissection. coronary artery spasm, triggers such as drugs, smoking, cold weather, intense stress or emotions can temporarily and suddenly tighten the coronary artery.
During coronary dissection, the inner wall of one of the coronary arteries is separated, which can prevent blood flow. Regardless of the cause, the blockage of the coronary artery prevents the oxygen and nutrients in your blood from reaching the part of your heart that the artery provides. As a result, the heart muscle in that region begins to die.
The death of part of the heart muscle is called a heart attack. It is also known as myocardial infarction or MI. a blocked coronary artery may also cause you to feel a sudden pain, discomfort, tightening, or a burning sensation in your chest called angina. This pain may extend to your upper abdomen, shoulders, arms, neck, and lower jaw. If you have angina when you’re at rest or frequent angina that prevents even moderate physical activity, you have unstable angina,
which is the main symptom of acute coronary syndrome. other symptoms of acute coronary syndrome include shortness of breath, dizziness, nausea, and sweating.
If you’ve had a heart attack or have other types of acute coronary syndrome, your doctor may prescribe oxygen therapy to get more oxygen into your blood. You can take aspirin or other blood prescription medications to prevent blood clots. Thrombosis, also known as thromboembolism drugs, can be used to disperse any existing blood clots. Medications such as nitroglycerin and morphine will relieve your coronary arteries and relieve angina pain. You may also receive medications called beta-blockers that slow your heart and reduce your need for oxygen.
Your doctor may also recommend immediate surgical procedures, such as coronary angioplasty, in which a balloon-tipped catheter inflates inside your blocked coronary artery to open it. may leave behind a mesh-like device called a stent After inflating, the balloon catheter may leave behind a mesh-like device called a stent to hold your artery open. Or you may have a coronary artery bypass graft or CABG.
CABG is a surgical procedure in which the blocked areas of the coronary arteries are bypassed with veins or artificial graft material. Seek treatment immediately if you have the symptoms of acute coronary syndrome.
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